This is a list of postures in the traditional form of Yang style Taijiquan. Each “posture” may consist of one to five component movements, sometimes even more.

Note that the same postures are counted differently by various teachers and schools.  The distinct counting methods used by Fu Zhongwen (“85 form”) and the Yang Family (“103 form”) are both included below.

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Fu # Posture in English Chinese Pinyin Yang #
1 Preparatory Form 预备 Yùbèi 1
2 Beginning 起式 Qǐ shì 2
3 Grasp the Bird’s Tail
(a.k.a. Grasp the Sparrow’s Tail)
揽雀尾 Lǎn què wěi 3
4 Single Whip 单鞭 Dān biān 4
5 Raise Hands and Step Forward
(a.k.a. Lift Hands Upward)
提手上势 Tí shǒu shàng shì 5
6 White Crane Spreads its Wings 白鹤亮翅 Bái hè liàng chì 6
7 Left Brush Knee and Push
(a.k.a. Left Brush Knee Twist Step)
左搂膝拗步 Zuǒ lōu xī ǎo bù 7
8 Hand Strums the Lute
(a.k.a. Hands Strum Pipa)
手挥琵琶 Shǒu huī pípá 8
9 Brush Knee and Push (3 times) 搂膝拗步 Lōu xī ǎo bù 9-11
10 Hand Strums the Lute 手挥琵琶 Shǒu huī pípá 12
11 Left Brush Knee and Push 左搂膝拗步 Zuǒ lōu xī ǎo bù 13
12 Step Forward, Parry, Block, and Punch
(a.k.a. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry and Punch)
进步搬拦捶 Jìn bù bān lán chuí 14
13 Apparent Close Up
(a.k.a. Like Sealing, As If Closing)
如封似闭 Rú fēng shì bì 15
14 Cross Hands 十字手 Shí zì shǒu 16
17 Embrace Tiger, Return to Mountain 抱虎归山 Bào hǔ guī shān 15
16 Fist Under Elbow 肘底捶 Zhǒu dǐ chuí 18
17 Step Back and Repulse Monkey (3 times) 倒撵猴 Dào niǎn hóu 19-21
18 Diagonal Flying
(a.k.a. Flying Obliquely)
斜飞式 Xié fēi shì 22
19 Raise Hands and Step Forward 提手上势 Tí shǒu shàng shì 23
20 White Crane Spreads its Wings 白鹤亮翅 Bái hè liàng chì 24
21 Left Brush Knee and Push 左搂膝拗步 Zuǒ lōu xī ǎo bù 25
22 Needle at Sea Bottom 海底针 Hǎi dǐ zhēn 26
23 Fan Through Back 扇通背 Shàn tōng bèi 27
24 Turn Body, Chop with Fist
(a.k.a. Turn Body and Strike)
转身撇身捶 Zhuǎn shēn piē shēn chuí 28
25 Step Forward, Parry, Block, and Punch
(a.k.a. Advance Step, Deflect, Parry and Punch)
进步搬拦捶 Jìn bù bān lán chuí 29
26 Step Forward, Grasp the Bird’s Tail
(a.k.a. Step Up, Grasp the Sparrow’s Tail)
上步揽雀尾 Shàng bù lǎn què wěi 30
27 Single Whip 单鞭 Dān biān 31
28 Cloud Hands (3 times) 云手 Yún shǒu 32-34
29 Single Whip 单鞭 Dān biān 35
30 High Pat on Horse 高探马 Gāo tàn mǎ 36
31 Right Separation Kick 右分脚 Yòu fēn jiǎo 37
31 Left Separation Kick 左分脚 Zuǒ fèn jiǎo 38
32 Turn Body and Kick with Heel 转身左蹬脚 Zhuǎn shēn zuǒ dēng jiǎo 39
33 Brush Knee and Push (2 times) 搂膝拗步 Lōu xī ǎo bù 40-41
34 Step Forward and Punch Down 进步栽锤 Jìn bù zāi chuí 42
To be continued

Fu Zhongwen Video

The Essence and Applications of Taijiquan


Yang Chengfu’s classic book contains a photo of each posture, and descriptions of the transitional movements between these postures.